IMPLEMENTASI KEBIJAKAN JAMINAN KESEHATAN BAGI MASYARAKAT MISKIN DI KABUPATEN PATI

Suroso Suroso

Abstract


ENGLISH

Health insurance payment for the poor is mandated in Indonesian laws. The objectives of the research is to analyze coverage and distribution of health insurance payment for the poor. This research uses descriptive-quantitative approach. There are two variables in the research: (1) coverage of health insurance payment for the poor; and (2) distribution of health insurance payment. Data collecting is conducted by observing documents and interviews. The data analysis uses descriptive and correlative one. This research has thee main findings. Firstly, the coverage of health insurance payment for the poor in Pati Regency has ratio coverage 1.95 (195%), fulfilling for adequacy. Secondly, there is a gap among districts for the coverage of health insurance payment for the poor in which the biggest ratio coverage 3.01 (301%) and the smallest ratio coverage 0.90 (90%). Thirdly, distribution equity of health insurance payment is relatively poor which is shown by Spearman Rank Correlation having Rho value 0.226 less than Rho table value (0.439). It means that there is no correlation between the needs of health insurance payments for the poor and the recievers of health insurance payments for each district.

 

INDONESIA

Bantuan iuran jaminan kesehatan merupakan amanat perundang-undangan di Indonesia. Penelitian ini memiliki tujuan untuk menganalisa cakupan dan distribusi bantuan iuran jaminan kesehatan bagi penduduk miskin di Kabupaten Pati. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan deskriptif-kuantitatif. Ada 2 variabel dalam penelitian: (1) coverage bantuan iuran jaminan kesehatan bagi penduduk miskin ;dan (2) distribusi penerima bantuan iuran (PBI) jaminan kesehatan. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan teknik observasi dokumen dan wawancara. Analisa data menggunakan analisis deskriptif dan korelatif. Penelitian ini memiliki 3 temuan. Pertama, coverage bantuan iuran jaminan kesehatan bagi penduduk miskin di Kabupaten Pati memenuhi batas kecukupan minimal dengan status ratio coverage 1,95 (195%). Kedua, coverage bantuan iuran jaminan kesehatan anatar kawasan mengalami timpangan dengan ratio coverage terbesar 3,01 (301%) dan ratio coverage terkecil 0,90 (90%). Ketiga, keadilan distribusi bantuan iuran jaminan kesehatan relatif kurang baik yang ditunjukkan uji statistik Spearman Rank Correlation dengan nilai Rho hitung (0,226) lebih kecil dari nilai Rho tabel (0,439) yang berarti tidak ada kesesuaian antara tingkat kebutuhan bantuan iuran jaminan kesehatan bagi penduduk miskin dengan penerima bantuan iuran (PBI) jaminan kesehatan.


Keywords


cakupan; distribusi; jaminan kesehatan

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.33658/jl.v13i1.91

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